The liver performs many different functions yet is also a discrete organ, and many of its functions interrelate with one another. This becomes especially evident in abnormalities of the liver, because many of its functions are disturbed simultaneously. The main functions of the liver include:

  • Filtration and storage of blood
  • Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and hormone
  • Detoxification of endogenous and exogenous substances
  • Formation of bile
  • Storage of vitamins and iron
  • Formation of coagulation factors